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(1) Dynamic and peaceful activities across the World , (2) Indispensable Nature (#40 of "sentences"category below as well) – Ref. /The Nature Consevancy for Nature Unites Us, (3) Spiritual symbol of Developers – Gateway in St. Louis, Mo. from East to West in U.S. , (4) Speakers' Corner in London, placed for public's opinions being tranmitted. And as we look down the Picadilly street from the 2nd floor café in the Waterstons bookstore in London, called the largest bookstore in Europe, it seem as if we viewed a trail of human being through a wide race range of walking people, (5)  Westminster Bridge  – a road-and-trafic bridge over the River Thames in London, linking Westminster on the west side and Lambeth on the east side – excerpt from Wikipedia, and (6) through a variety of excellent articles, shall we learn more Effective Communicating Expressions for cooperation across the world.


Table of Contents Adding of contents has continuously been made

Text-to-Speech function 

Google Language Translator

NY Times & NY Times/California Today

Adverb and its position (in a sentence)

Dynamic American English

Position & Place


Past & Present Participle



Relative & Relative clause


Return-to-Asia era




Use, Purpose, Method, Way, Case & Event




Words with a diversity of meaning

Mixed-up categorized corner

Ref. for learning more words:  English living dictionaries – – We might be able to learn nearly 10,000 words through 100 word origins


My authored titles below, in eBook and in paperback, include the said web site page [Good Combination between C-Pen, Kindle, NaturalReaders & Office Lens] and also the most recent of the followings with still more updated. 

1. Text-to-Speech function using the followings:

      1) Kindle Fire – its TTS function for personal document

      2) Amazon Poly could lead to better TTS in eBook application.

      3) Amazon Web Services (AWS) plus C-Pen DictionaryPen’s character scanning function

      4)  – Commercial version

Execute the item 1 above, Categorization, and we will find reading themes out so that we can acquire reading skills with pleasure. Execute the item 2, Text-to-Speech, and we will naturally acquire writing skills and resultantly speaking ones. That is, we do not need to place speaking skills in the starting position of English learning, I believe; it is partially because there are globally time differences and working time differences firm by firm, and to cope with or meet an overwhelmingly great quantity of advanced information globally, keeping brushing up writing skills is my unchanged philosophy in managing my Web site – as wel

2. Google Language Translator

 plugin, based on Google automatic translation tool, is now available on each page; in light of linguistics, it may not be perfect – it should be really useful for word-by-word reference, in particular.   Click [Translate] tool bar right on the bottom.  

Ref. – try to consult with:; in addition to Google Translate, this Web site dictionary might be one of the most contemporary for word-combination, in particular. Incidentally, you could consult with Google Chrome/Translate, while reading a Web site article on the Google Chrome. In using Translate, it is actually convenient for you to execute Copy & Paste.

It would be our pleasure to find English expressions, sometimes dynamic, sometimes in rhyme and sometimes contemporary, which attract our interests, and then make them fall in personal categories.

Just for your information: In the Nikkei Press/My Resume of June26, 2018, Takashi Atohda, Iapanese writer, places an emphasis on reading, first of all, over mother tongue and then foreign languages, in brushing up language abilities.

The following excerpted sentences, for instance, teach us many effective expressions over the category of Adverb & its position,  Punctuation, Sentences, Time, Verb and so on, including making good use of Text-to-Speech (see another page):


3. NY Times & NY Times/California Today

NT Times/California Today of May 29, 2018 Senator Dianne Feinstein, center, and Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom, a candidate for governor, center right, at a Memorial Day commemoration at San Francisco National Cemetery on Monday. Jeff Chiu/Associated Press  Good morning. For most people, the biggest day on the political calendar is the first Tuesday in November — Election Day. But in California, a more critical date may be next Tuesday, June 5. It’s a primary that could end up saying more about who leads this state — and more critically, from a national perspective, the composition of its congressional delegation — than what happens in November.

There are a flood of big races to watch over the next eight days. The New York Times has dispatched reporters across the state, and we have created a guide with detailed information on the contests. And for the next week, every morning’s edition of California Today will focus on the campaign unfolding across the state.

June 5 is a big day because of California’s open nonpartisan primary: The two top finishers next week will face each other in November. With so many candidates dividing the votes, voters in November may end up having a choice between two like-minded candidates from the same party.

Note – prior to the following categorized collections:

1) Past particiole & Present particiole  –   Regarding the contemporary state of the art of TENSE as a grammatical rule, we will find out it over the following.​Category: Past & Presenten Participle

2) Present participle – including : gerund – a nounin in the form of the present participle

3) Punctuation (incl. parenthesis, comma, hyphenation and so on)

Ref. – 1. Eats, Shoots & Leaves authored by LYNNE TRUSS, pulished by PROFILE BOOKS, 2. BETTER PUNCTUATION IN 30 MINUTES A DAY authored by Ceil Cleveland, published by CAREER PRESS, 3. Complete PLAIN WORDS p.152-175, authored by Sir Ernest Gowers, published by the Penguin Group, 4. The Penguin Guide to PLAIN ENGLISH p.192-197, authored by Harry Blamires, published by the Penguin Group

Ref. – Oxford Guide to Effective Writing and Speaking by John Seely 

Excerpted from page 152 of the title: Re: -related  In the fast lanes of the 1990s there is a constant drive to speed up communication. As a word joined on with a hyphen, -related is a short cut. Instead of ‘illnesses caused by stress’, ‘crimes caused by drink’, ‘negotiations about money’, we have stress-related illnesses, drink-related crimes, money-related negotiations. It would be a pity to overdo this or, like any other useful linguistic device, it would degenerate into jargon.

4) Relat.ive Pronoun (including: its abbreviated or cut-down stvle as well )

5) Thesaurus (including: repeated expressions in contrast with the philosophy of Thesaurus)  Ref.. –  Microsoft ENCARTA College Thesaurus, published by ST.MARTIN'S PRESS

6) Verb  (is likely for basic ones to be used in contrast with noun, adjective and adverb – address, face, commit, engage, find, involve, make, lead to, have the effect of doing, lay, raise, etc.; it might be allowed to repeatedly use the same expression ‐ for instance, fail to do , fail to do – used repeatedly in the same sentence, in contrast with the philosophy of Thesaurus. And popular verbs are likely to be often used in main sentences in particular. Ref.- 1. Complete PLAIN WORDS p.127-145, authored by Sir Ernest Gowers, published by the Penguin Group, 2. The Penguin Guide to PLAIN ENGLISH, authored by Harry Blamires, published by the Penguin Group)

7) With-related phrase (It seems used when the subject of a supplemental sentence is different from the one of the main sentence.)

Ref. 1 In using with-related phrases, please be advised to refer to page 171, in particular, of The Penguin Guide to Plain English, authored by Harry Blamires, published by the Penguin Group; described therein is “Some of the most unfortunate misuses of ‘with’ occur when the word is followed by a present participle.”

Ref. 2 – Write Tight authored by William Brohaugh, published by Writer’s Digest Books

8) Word Combinations   

Ref. – The BBI Dictionary of English Word Combinations, Revised editlon, Compiled by: Morton Benson, Evelyn Benson & Robert Ilso

9) Plain English

One of  recent  annoucements from SEC on its plain writing efforts is: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Compliance Report on Implementation of the Plain Writing Act of 2010 April 13, 2017 Summary of steps taken by the SEC to implement the Plain Writing Act of 2010 (Act)

On the other hand, it might be indispensable for us to keep in mind several suggestions on Plain English, for instance, in Section B & Reference  in the book [Oxford Guide to Effective Writing and Speaking] by John Seely.


4. Adverb and its position (in a sentence)

1. NY Times of Aug. 30, 2017 Stalled Over Gulf, Harvey Deepens Texans' Soggy Misery By JACK HEALY, RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA and ALAN BLINDER The death toll from Harvey was rising and officials said their rescue effort was nowhere near done.

2.NY Times of Sept. 3,, 2017 Long List of Top Democrats Have 2020, and Money, on Their Minds​ By KENNETH P. VOGEL and RACHEL SHOREY Well before most of them will announce they are running, prospective Democratic candidates for president are taking steps to lay the financial foundation for a campaign.

3. NY Times / California Today of Oct. 9, 2017 Roughly a quarter of the nation’s homeless – about 118,000 people – live in California. Frustration over the lack of headway has some city leaders now embracing a strategy once considered unthinkable: Sanctioned homeless camps.

4. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 13,2017  Wildfire Photos Tell a Story of Ruin By MIKE MCPHATE Since igniting on Sunday, they’ve swept across roughly 300 square miles. In Santa Rosa alone, an estimated 2,834 homes were destroyed, the city’s mayor said on Thursday.

5. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 19, 2018  To be sure, the bill is anything but a sure thing. And those numbers are theoretical maximums. The actual increase in housing, which would take decades to build, would most likely be much lower. Still, the numbers show that cities across California would have to endure big changes for the state to meet its climate goals.

6. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 30, 2018  The Oakland Cannery is just the type of place that the city likes to promote as its heart and soul. The former Del Monte fruit processing facility has for several decades served as a live/work space for painters, musicians, fashion designers, writers and photographers.

7. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 8, 2018  A sharp rise in heroin use has created intense fear among community members and public health officials in Humboldt County, even while California as a whole has one of the lowest overall opioid-related death rates in the country.

8. NY Times/California Today of May 9, 2018   George Deukmejian, a two-term California governor who was admired by Republicans and Democrats alike for his willingness to cross party boundaries, has died at his home in Long Beach. He was 89. [The New York Times]

9. NY Times of June 22, 2018 We Reimagined Trump’s ‘Zero Tolerance’ as a 1940s Propaganda Film By TAIGE JENSEN, JAPHET WEEKS and LEAH VARJACQUES  A U.S. government film from 1943 justifying the detention of Japanese-Americans in internment camps has new relevance in light of the president’s immigration policies.

10. NY Times/California Today of Aug. 10, 2018 How the Oscars Sent the Wrong Message — Again By BROOKS BARNES AND JENNIFER MEDINA (partially omitted) On Wednesday, the elite organization behind the Oscars sent a letter to its roughly 9,200 members. The note outlined — in the vaguest of ways — two major changes to the Academy Awards, each intended “to keep the Oscars and our academy relevant in a changing world.

11. Election Day has arrived. Here is what to know. By The New York Times

NY Times/California Today of Nov. 7, 2018 Election Day is finally upon us. As California – and the nation – awaits the results, here is what you need to know to follow the day’s events. Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m., and Californians voting on Election Day can find their polling place here, on the California Secretary of State’s website. The New York Times has reporters stationed throughout the state.


5. Dynamic American English

Comment: Why I feel American dynamism over American English expressions is because revolutionary advances, in Silicon Valley in particular, may be kept unchanged in a wide variety range of fields of economy and stocks as well.  

1. The following excerption from The NY Times/California Today seems to make a compact explanation on the dynamism found out in American English.   

NY Times / California Today of Nov. 3, 2017 The coast of California. Wallace Stegner wrote that other places, by comparison, “seem lesser, smaller, duller, less promising, less exciting.” Max Whittaker for The New York Times. In 1967 the novelist Wallace Stegner wrote: “Like the rest of America, California is unformed, innovative, ahistorical, hedonistic, acquisitive, and energetic — only more so.”

2. Have you found out that American English & its dynamism are regionally featured – West Coast (California as well), Middle Cast (Chicago as well) and East Coast (New York as well). Shall we keep each of the features in mind in enjoying the article reading.  

3. Dynamic America and move of technology companies

NY Times/California Today of Feb. 15, 2018 We will probably always call it Silicon Valley. But the steady move of technology companies into downtown San Francisco is shifting the center of gravity of what is arguably America’s most innovative industry from the rambling, suburban streets of the Valley to the tightly concentrated and increasingly vertical neighborhood behind San Francisco’s Embarcadero.

4. NY Times /California Today of Feb. 21, 2018  It is usually jazz that plays in the background at Eso Won Books, a cherished independent bookseller in Los Angeles that for almost three decades has catered to African-American readers, but sometimes it is David Bowie, Nirvana or just really loud rock music. James Fugate came to Los Angeles from Detroit in the late 1980s, and after a short time running the bookstore at Compton College, he and his partners opened their own store in South Los Angeles


Position & Place

1. NY Times of Aug. 23, 2017 McConnell, in Private, Doubts if Trump Can Save Presidency By ALEXANDER BURNS and JONATHAN MARTIN The relationship between President Trump and Senator Mitch McConnell has disintegrated to the point that the men are no longer on speaking terms.

2. Straits Times of Nov. 15, 2017 SINGAPORE – Private schools graduates lag far behind their peers from public universities in the job market, a survey released on Wednesday (Nov 15) has found. Many not only had a tougher time landing full-time jobs compared to public university graduates. They also commanded lower starting salaries.

3.  NY Times/California Today of Nov. 16, 2017 U.C.L.A. Players Credit Trump With An Assist By MATT STEVENS Flanked by Cody Riley, left, and Jalen Hill, third from left, UCLA basketball player LiAngelo Ball reads his statement as head coach Steve Alford listens during a news conference at U.C.L.A. on Wednesday. Jae C. Hong/Associated Pres

4. NY Times/California Today of July 19, 2018  It stretches more than 650 miles, from south of Los Angeles to north of San Francisco, through Big Sur and across the Golden State Bridge, and knits together all that encapsulates California in the national imagination: the Pacific Coast, the redwood forests, the automobile.


Preposition  – at, in, on, over, in doing  (something), with (with regard to)

1. NY Times of Oct. 1, 2017 Trump's Next Move on Health Care? Choice for Secretary May Offer Clue By PETER BAKER and ROBERT PEAR The selection of a successor for Tom Price, who resigned as secretary of health and human services, could be a turning point in the debate over health care.

2.NY Times/California of Oct. 3, 2017 For more than 30 years, Garen Wintemute has studied the question now on many Americans’ minds: How do we stop this?

3. NY Times of Nov. 8, 2017 With Virginia, Voters Give Democrats First Big Wins of the Trump Era By JONATHAN MARTIN and ALEXANDER BURNS The Democratic Party's crowning success of the night came in Virginia, where Ralph S. Northam, an understated physician and Army veteran, won a commanding victory for governor,

4. NY Times of Dec. 12, 2017 Bomber Strikes Near Times Square, Disrupting City but Killing None By SARAH MASLIN NIR and WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM The would-be suicide attacker told officials he set off the bomb in retaliation for U.S. strikes on ISIS, targeting a subway tunnel because of its Christmas-themed posters.

5. NY Times /California Today of Mar. 28, 2018  California was among 12 states suing to block the Trump administration from adding a question about citizenship to the 2020 census, arguing that the change would cause fewer Americans to be counted. [The New York Times]

6. NY Times/California Today of April 5, 2018  Some of those tensions might be easing. The state and White House are in talks on a deal over a major point of contention: whether California would continue getting a waiver to impose its own stricter emission standards. (The New York Times)

7. NY Times/California Today of April 20, 2018
As many as 40 people now participate in the weekly ritual at the Wendy’s on Country Club Drive here in Palm Desert — with Ms. Mahler, 88, at the group’s center. She is the main figure in a documentary short, “Wendy’s Shabbat,” that will make its New York debut on Saturday at the Tribeca Film Festival.

8. NY Times/California Today of May 4, 2018  Gov. Jerry Brown delivered the keynote address at the annual California-China Business Summit in Beverly Hills on Thursday. Gov. Jerry Brown pushed for greater cooperation with China in his keynote address at the annual California-China Business Summit in Beverly Hills on Thursday. “Globalization is here. We are not getting rid of it. And a trade war is stupid,” he said. [Associated Press]

9. The Straits Times of June 9, 2018 Trump-Kim summit: Laksa and chicken rice on the menu for journalists, who can choose from 45 dishes from 15 cuisines.

10. NY Times of Sept. 18, 2018 Trump Hits China With Tariffs on $200 Billion in Goods, Escalating Trade War  By JIM TANKERSLEY and KEITH BRADSHER  The president said the tariffs, which will hit everyday consumer products, will go into effect on Sept. 24.

11. (to see with-phrase used in item 10 above)  NY Times of Sept. 19, 2018 China Once Looked Tough on Trade. Now Its Options Are Dwindling. By KEITH BRADSHER  China said it would impose tariffs on an additional $60 billion of U.S. imports. But Beijing is running out of American goods to target as the trade war intensifies.

12. NY Times/California Today of Sept. 19, 2018  No other family has wielded as much influence over California as the Browns: Pat Brown served as governor over two terms beginning in 1959, while his son Jerry is now in his fourth term and second round as the top state official.


Past & Present Participle 

1. NY Times Aug. 9, 2017 The Culture Wars Have Come to Silicon Valley By NICK WINGFIELD

After Google fired an engineer who wrote an anti-diversity manifesto, the tech industry is under the microscope for penalizing dissenting opinions.

2. NY Times of Sept. 14, 2017 Eight Dead From Sweltering (*)Nursing Home as Florida Struggles After Irma By NEIL REISNER, SHERI FINK and VIVIAN YEE A criminal investigation was opened into a nursing home where eight died after the air-conditioning failed, a situation the governor . "unfathomable." 

(*) grammatical comment on present participle before noun – two usages: (1) landing plane, rising cost, etc. (2) penalizing opinion,sleeping room, nursing home, etc. In addition, "sweltering" above is used as adjective, not as preaent participle. 

3. NY Times of Aug. 18, 2017 Defiant, Trump Laments Assault on Culture and Revives a Bogus Pershing Story By MICHAEL D. SHEAR and MAGGIE HABERMAN President Trump returned to nativist themes, lamenting an assault on "culture," reviving a bogus story about General John J. Pershing and attacking Republicans.

4. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 19, 2017 A detailed look at what buildings, crops and inventory were lost at 23 damaged wineries. Firefighting efforts by airplanes and helicopters were hampered by drones trying to capture aerial footage of the devastation.

5. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 6, 2017 A home being constructed in Carlsbad, Calif., in 2014. San Diego is one of four metropolitan areas in California where more than half of homes are priced above $500,000. Mike Blake/Reuters

6. NY Times of Jan. 13, 2018 A Senior Republican Senator Admonishes Trump: ‘American Is an Idea, Not a Race’ By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS   The president’s racially charged comments threaten an emerging agreement to project some undocumented immigrants, which risks bringing a government shutdown.

7. NY Times of Feb. 7, 2018 Falcon Heavy, in a Roar of Thunder, Carries SpaceX’s Ambition Into Orbit By KENNETH CHANG  Elon Musk disrupted the business of sending rockets into space and has now achieved a milestone in spaceflight by launching the most powerful rocket currently operating in the world.

8. NY Times of Feb. 10, 2018 U.S. Spies, Seeking to Retrieve Cyberweapons, Paid Russian Peddling Trump Secrets By MATTHEW ROSENBERG  After months of negotiations, the Russian insisted on including information about the president as part of a deal involving stolen hacking tools.

9. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 21, 2018  Facebook has had a particularly bad few days, even for a Silicon Valley giant that has been under fire for months. The social network, which was once Silicon Valley’s pride and joy, is now facing a new scandal over data privacy — and the fallout has been intense and keeps widening.

10. NY Times of July 13, 2018 Justice Department Plans Appeal of AT&T-Time Warner Merger Approval By CECILIA KANG and EDMUND LEE A federal judge approved the deal a month ago, saying the federal agency did not sufficiently prove that the merger would harm competition and consumers.

11. NY Times of Aug. 1, 2018  Facebook Identifies an Active Political Influence Campaign Using Fake Accounts  By NICHOLAS FANDOS and KEVIN ROOSE  A coordinated effort, involving 32 pages and fake accounts, included amplifying division around white supremacy and the #AbolishICE movement, the social network said.

12.  NY Times/California Today of Aug. 15, 2018  (partially omitted) Mr. Mactaggart’s initiative proposed giving Californians more rights over their own data, with the power to demand that big companies stop selling and trading the information they collected about browsing habits and location.

13. NY Times of Sept. 4, 2018  Brazil Museum Fire Leaves Ashes, Recrimination and Little Else By MANUELA ANDREONI, ERNESTO LONDOÑO and LIS MORICONI  When Brazilians look at the shell of their National Museum, some see a symbol of the hollowing out of their whole country and the near-abandonment of basic public services.

14. NYTimes of Sept. 5, 2018  ROME DISPATCH When in Rome, Sea Gulls Do as They Please By JASON HOROWITZ Thousands of enormous sea gulls have aggressively colonized Rome, acting as if they own the place: invading homes and targeting the Vatican’s peace doves. Then, there’s the stench.

15. NY Times of Sept. 21, 2018 Submerged by Florence, North Carolina’s Rural Towns Fight for Attention By JACK HEALY  Out of sight of the national spotlight on the devastation of Hurricane Florence, many small towns worry about being washed away unnoticed.

16. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 8, 2018  More money for subsidized housing and a resounding defeat for rent control and activists: That was the message Californians seemed to send to state and local governments on Election Day.




The "punctuation" pages occupies nearly 30% of this book. 

Additional ref. Lynne Truss' s Eats, Shoots & Leaves – more than 1 million copies sold worldwide

1. NY Times of Oct. 22, 2017 Spain Will Remove Catalonia Leader, Escalating Secession Crisis By RAPHAEL MINDER Mariano Rajoy, in an unexpectedly forceful move, said Madrid would take control of the independence-minded region, pushing out its separatist administration.

2. 8. NY Times of Oct. 24, 2017 What It Could Mean if China's Leader Won't Name an Heir By CHRIS BUCKLEY If no successors-in-waiting appear, that would raise speculation that Xi Jinping may try to keep power in some form after his second five-year term as president ends.

3. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 21, 2017 By JENNIFER MEDINA The three-and-a-half-hour tour is often filled with middle-age adults who were children during the murder spree that Charles Manson, who died Sunday, orchestrated in the summer of 1969.

4. NY Times of Nov. 25, 2017 Militants Kill 235 at Sufi Mosque in Egypt's Deadliest Terrorist Attack By DECLAN WALSH and NOUR YOUSSEF The assault, in an area racked by an Islamist insurgency, sent shock waves across the nation – not only for the death toll but also for the choice of target.

5. NY Times of Dec. 8, 2017 Did Trump Kill Off a Two-State Solution? He Says No, Palestinians Say Yes By MARK LANDLER, DAVID M. HALBFINGER and ISABEL KERSHNER The chief Palestinian negotiator said Mr. Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital means a radical P.L.O. shift – to a push for a single state, with equal civil rights.

6. NY Times of Dec. 27, 2017 New York's Attorney General in Battle With Trump By DANNY HAKIM and WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM   Eric Schneiderman's office recently took its 100th legal or administrative action against "the biggest threat" to New Yorkers: the federal government.

7. NY Times/California Today of Jan. 5, 2018  The increase is part of the gradual phase-in of the state’s $15-an-hour minimum wage, which was approved by the governor in 2016. Workers now earning the lowest wages will have to wait until 2023 to reach $15 an hour, but they can expect $1 increase every year until then

8. NY Times/California Today of Feb. 1, 2018 The angle was new, but it’s not a particularly new observation or thought. The Los Angeles Times addressed many of the same questions in 2006 and again in 2015, when an organization was founded by longtime civic figures here to respond to what saw as a civic vacuum. I am also well aware of the (in truth, well-founded, in my view) wariness Los Angeles readers have of East Coast media coming in and offering look-down-your-nose judgments on life here. 

9. NY Times of Feb. 11, 2018 Kentucky Rushes to Remake Medicaid as Other States Prepare to Follow By ABBY GOODNOUGH  The state will require many people to work, volunteer or train for a job to qualify for coverage — and to prove it with frequent documentation.

10. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 7, 2018   Despite the fierce winter storm that brought an avalanche of snow to the Sierra Nevada last week, water officials say the state’s snowpack is far behind its desired level. Before the storm, comparisons were being made to record-breaking dry years.

11. Excerpted from Penguin’s announcement of 9 Mar. of 2018: PREORDER Jamie Cooks Italy now to receive Jamie's latest cookbook the moment it comes out.

Jamie Cooks Italy is a celebration of the joy of Italian food. Jamie wants to share his love of all things Italian with accessible, best-ever recipes for Classic Carbonara, Salina Chicken, Stuffed Focaccia, Baked Risotto Pie, Pot-Roasted Cauliflower and Limoncello Tiramisu. This is about bringing the pleasure and passion of the world's favourite cuisine to your kitchen at home.

Featuring 140 recipes in Jamie's easy-to-follow style, the book has chapters on Antipasti, Salad, Soup, Meat, Pasta, Fish, Rice & Dumplings, Bread & Pastry, Sides, Desserts and all the Basics you need.

12. NY Times/California Today of Ma. 12, 2018  Gov. Jerry Brown responded Monday morning with a more temperate letter to Mr. Trump. He noted how previous presidents talked about California as an economic engine of the nation. He used his high-platform moment to urge Mr. Trump to consider the governor’s signature project — a high-speed train between San Francisco and Los Angeles — whose future is in doubt because of cost overruns and Republican opposition.

13. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 23, 2018
And the report, from the Public Policy Institute of California, suggests that Republicans are joining Democrats in their support for a change to gun laws. The institute found that 87 percent of Democrats thought gun laws should be stricter, and that 48 percent of Republicans agreed — up from 28 percent last year.

14. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 27, 2018  It’s called the Basic Needs Hub — a space for anyone on campus who needs something to eat. It looks like a miniature gourmet grocery, but it is, effectively, a food pantry.

15. NY Times/California Today of May 7, 2018  The Former Turkish Soccer Star Running a Bay Area Cafe By JOHN BRANCH AND INYOUNG KANG  Mr. Sukur, now 46 and still with a face as well-known as anyone’s back in Turkey, left the country in 2015 after a short career as a member of Parliament.

16. NY Times/California Today of May 14, 2018  Far more people need — and qualify for —​ public housing, housing vouchers or below-market-rate apartments than the assistance available. (partially omitted) That they won the first lottery they ever entered — while some people apply, and fail, for years — shows how utterly random the results are.

17. NY Times/California Today of May 21, 2018  The issue is getting more attention in the California press, and I hope Mr. Brown will similarly reconsider. Likewise, I’m hoping that Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom, Attorney General Xavier Becerra, Senator Dianne Feinstein and others will call for testing in the case.

18. NY Times of June 23, 2018  In Tense Meeting, Trump Officials Debate How to Process Migrant Families By MICHAEL D. SHEAR, RON NIXON and KATIE BENNER  The reality of a vastly complicated bureaucratic system is colliding head-on with President Trump’s shoot-from-the-hip use of executive power.

 (partially omitted)

In Ruling on Cellphone Location Data, Supreme Court Makes Statement on Digital Privacy By ADAM LIPTAK  The 5-to-4 decision, in which the court said a warrant was generally needed to collect troves of the data, has implications for all kinds of personal information held by third parties.

18. NY Times/California Today of July, 2018 
The good news for Senator Dianne Feinstein, a Democrat seeking re-election, is that she is leading her opponent Kevin de León by a lot in a poll released last week: 46 percent to 24 percent. The perhaps not-so-good news is that once again, Ms. Feinstein has failed to attract more than 50 percent of the electorate in a poll.




1. NY Times of Dec. 9, 2017 Official Toll in Puerto Rico: 62. Actual Deaths May Be 1,052. By FRANCES ROBLES, KENAN DAVIS, SHERI FINK and SARAH ALMUKHTAR   Officially, 62 people died because of the storm, but an analysis by The New York Times suggests that the actual number is substantially higher.

After 7 Years of Job Growth, Room for More, or Danger Ahead? By BEN CASSELMAN      Payrolls grew by 228,000 last month and the unemployment rate was the lowest since 2000. Now, the economic challenge may be to prevent overheating.

2. NY Times of Jan. 6, 2018  With much of the Northeast and Midwest feeling like a block of ice, the temperature here in the high peaks of New Hampshire’s White Mountains was forecast to drop to 40 degrees below zero overnight Friday. The wind chill could make the air feel as cold as 100 below zero. That is not a typo. Negative. 100.

3.NY Times of Jan. 22, 2018 Siege at Kabul Hotel Caps a Violent 24 Hours in Afghanistan By MUJIB MASHAL and FATIMA FAIZI  The Taliban attack at the Intercontinental Hotel left at least 18 dead, but the toll from assaults across four provinces of the country surpassed 50.

4. NY Times/California Today of Jan. 23, 2018 Hundreds of thousands of protesters and activists marched across the state on Saturday. In Los Angeles alone, an estimated half-million people gathered downtown wearing pink hats and bright costumes; participants chanted, delivered rousing speeches and warned against political apathy.

5. NY Times/California Today of Feb. 2, 2018  Even so, it hasn’t rained nearly as much as the previous year, which was extraordinary wet. According to one important index, the northern Sierra Nevada has gotten only about 20 inches of rain since Oct. 1 — 70 percent of average for this time of year.

The state’s snowpack is fairing even worse. State data says that the amount of water held in the snow right now is only about 27 percent of normal. A state water official manually measured the snowpack at one location Thursday morning, and found only 13.6 inches of snow on the ground; that snow had 2.6 inches of water content in it, which officials say is just 14 percent of what is considered average for early February.

6. NY Times/California Today of Feb. 9, 2018 For years, scientists have warned that we are due for a major earthquake. But getting Californians to buy earthquake insurance was a difficult sell – only around 10 percent of households in the state have it. (a little bit longer sentence is omitted.) Last year the earthquake authority saw a record increase of 90,000 new customers, compared with an average annual increase of 7,000 over the previous decade.

7. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 8, 2019 Who/what is Govern for California?
It’s a network of about 300 donors and growing, and they are Democrats, Republicans and Independents.

8. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 26, 2018  Tens of thousands of demonstrators across California marched in solidarity with national protests for gun control on Saturday, a sea of people awash in homemade signs, blaring music and anti-gun chants.

9. NY Times/California Today of May 16, 2018  The California High-Speed Rail Authority approved a new business plan to operate a bullet train between Los Angeles and San Francisco by 2033 at an estimated price of $77 billion. [The Associated Press]

10. NY Times/California Today of May 17, 2018  A federal survey shows that 94 percent of U.S. teachers spend their own money on school supplies. Those who do spent an average of $479 during the school year. [The New York Times]

11. NY Times of June 20, 2018 Trump’s Trade War Spooks Markets as White House Waits for China to Blink By ANA SWANSON  The administration, threatening tariffs on as much as $450 billion worth of goods, believes Beijing has more to lose. Companies, investors and markets are increasingly worried.

12. NY Times of July 23, 2018 Lawmakers, Lobbyists and the Administration Join Forces to Overhaul the Endangered Species Act By CORAL DAVENPORT and LISA FRIEDMAN  In recent weeks, more than two dozen measures have been proposed to remove protections for species and weaken the law, which critics say impedes people’s livelihoods.

13. NY Times of July 27,2018  Facebook’s Plunge Shatters Faith in Tech Companies’ Invulnerability By MATT PHILLIPS  Roughly $120 billion in wealth was wiped out as Facebook shares fell 19 percent. It was among the largest one-day destruction a company has ever suffered.

14. NY Times of Aug. 8, 2018  Republican Holds Slim Lead in Ohio Special Election for House Seat By JONATHAN MARTIN and ALEXANDER BURNS  Despite millions of dollars in advertising and interventions from President Trump and Vice President Pence, the Republican candidate had a razor-thin lead over a little-known Democrat.


Relative Relative clause

1. NY Times of Aug. 7, 207 By CHARLES ORNSTEIN and KATIE THOMAS Consumers have grown used to being told to give up their brand-name drugs in favor of cheaper generics. Now some are finding the opposite is true.

2. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 17, 2017 The first drenching rains of the season, an atmospheric river that came ashore this week, flooded roadways and snarled traffic in the San Francisco Bay Area on Thursday. For one group of residents, the region’s homeless, the rains were more than just an inconvenience.

3. NY Times/California Today of June 8, 2018   It’s been a long time since Los Angeles was ruled by its Police Department, when its chief was more powerful than the mayor, when its officers were mostly white men who patrolled poor, minority neighborhoods in the style of an occupying military.

4. This will not only support sales generation, but also to get a deeper understand of who their customers, where they are coming from, and which industry-branch. (excerpt of from Google’s message of Aug. 4, 2018 over Google Analytics Extension)

5. NY Times/California Today of Aug. 24, 2018  This week I profiled Lisa Brennan-Jobs, Steve Jobs’s first child, whose memoir “Small Fry” comes out this fall. She is the one whose paternity he denied until the government sued him for child support, the one whose tuition fees he stopped paying after she offended him, the one whose mother lived on welfare even as her father’s wealth grew. The story is a rare look inside a Silicon Valley family and a childhood right before staggering amounts of money flooded into the region.



Phrase or Preposition for introducing a subject in writing or talking – related to, relating to, relevant to, as for, as to, for, with, with regard to, concerning, regarding, in this/that regard 

1. NY Times, Los Angeles edition, of Sept. 27, 2017 It has long been one of the lesser-known facts about the life of Barack Obama. For all the talk about the former president and his Ivy alma maters — Columbia University and Harvard Law School — he actually spent the first two years of his higher education life, from 1979 to 1981, attending Occidental College in Los Angeles. For Occidental, or Oxy as it is known, Mr. Obama has long been its little-known claim to fame. That may be about to change for this 2,000-student private liberal arts college founded in 1887.

Ref.  Friederike Klippel's Keep Talking – Communicative Fluency Activities for English Teaching , published by Cambridge University Press /Appendix: list of speech acts

2. NY Times of Sept. 29, 2017 With Tax Cuts on the Table, Once-Mighty Deficit Hawks Hardly Chirp By THOMAS KAPLAN Senate Republicans are pressing ahead with a plan to cut taxes by up to $1.5 trillion, and those worried about the deficit have little company.

3. Excerpted from TIME of 2016 (prior to the 2016 U.S presidential election) by KATE SAMUELSON 7 Ideas from other countries that could improve U.S. elections Americans are unhappy with this year's presidential election, with two historically disliked major candidates and concerns rising about election fraud and voter suppression.


Return-to-Asia era

1. Nikkei Asian Review of March 31, 2018  Migrants look to Asia, the new land of opportunity More workers turn east as US and Europe shut their doors IORI KAWATE, Nikkei staff writer (partially omitted) TOKYO — Tokyo's Korea Town, Shin-Okubo, is undergoing a wave of disruption. Popping up among the Korean barbecue restaurants and skin care stores are Nepalese eateries fitted with flashing lights and loud speakers for music.Backed by the roughly 3,000 Nepalese living in the capital's Shinjuku district alone, Shin-Okubo is quickly becoming a "Nepal Town," upending the Korean dominance.

2. Nikkei Asian Review of April 4, 2018  Visit our website today and you’ll notice some drastic new improvements. You’ll now be able to access more content on Asia, faster than ever before. We’ve improved the whole experience too, making reading clearer and navigation easier. These changes are part of an ongoing improvement drive, to ensure you continue to get the best possible digital coverage of the Asian businessmarket.


Sentence , including comparative clause


1. Different from UK English, modern American English is likely to not take "sequence of tense" into so much consideration.

​2. As an emphasizing way, an adverb phrase will be put before the subject of a sentence.

3. Relative pronoune could often be cut; instead, comma for a short pause as a punctuation mark colud be used.

​Ref.- Lynne Truss's Eats, Shoots & Leaves – The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation




1. Rabbis Protest Trump's Comments by Boycotting Conference Call​ By ALEXANDER BURNS

Furious with President Trump's reaction to the Charlottesville protests, four groups of rabbis denounced him in unusually pointed language.

2. NY Times of Aug. 31, 2017 A Storm Forces Houston, the Limitless City, to Consider Its Limits​ By MANNY FERNANDEZ and RICHARD FAUSSET As it reels from the impact of Hurricane Harvey, a muscular metropolitan area that embraced growth now wonders whether growth made its flooding woes worse.

3. NY Times of Aug. 30, 2017 On Roads Turned Waterways, Volunteers Improvise to Save the Trapped and Desperate By MANNY FERNANDEZ Alongside a massive local, state and federal disaster response was an equally massive volunteer rescue effort that operated with little official guidance.

4. NYTimes of Sept. 8, 2017 Energized Trump Sees Bipartisan Path, at Least for Now By PETER BAKER and SHERYL GAY STOLBERG A day after reaching a fiscal deal with Democrats, the president waged peace with the opposition party in hopes of finding more areas of agreement.

5. NYTimes of Sept. 19, 2019 Hurricane Maria Makes Landfall in Dominica as Other Islands Brace for Potential Disaster​ By AZAM AHMED and KIRK SEMPLE The Caribbean islands scrambled to prepare for another big storm, Hurricane Maria, which was barreling through only days after Irma killed more than two dozen.

6. NY Times of Sept. 27, 2017 Roy Moore Wins Senate G.O.P. Runoff in Alabama By JONATHAN MARTIN and ALEXANDER BURNS Mr. Moore, a firebrand former chief justice of the Alabama Supreme Court, overcame efforts by top Republicans to rescue his rival, Senator Luther Strange, soundly defeating him on Tuesday in a special primary runoff.

Comment: Please be advised to learn the use of punctuation herein.

7. NY Times of Oct. 14, 2017 In California, Fires So Fast Hesitation Proved Lethal By THOMAS FULLER and RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA As stories emerged of how people died in the wind-driven fires that have ravaged Northern California , the element common to each tragedy was how quickly it happened.

8. NY Times of Oct. 28, 2017 Talking Points Brought to Trump Tower Meeting Were Shared With Kremlin By SHARON LaFRANIERE and ANDREW E. KRAMER The information that a Russian lawyer brought to a June 2016 meeting with Trump campaign aides had been discussed with a top Russian government official.

9. NY Times of Nov. 7, 2017 The New York Fed Chief Is Stepping Down – but Not Quietly By LANDON THOMAS Jr. and TIFFANY HSU William C. Dudley, who is stepping down from his post earlier than expected, warned against moving too aggressively to roll back financial regulations. 

10. NY Times of Nov. 20, 2017 He Took On the Voting Rights Act and Won. Now He's Taking On Harvard. By ANEMONA HARTOCOLLIS Edward Blum, who has orchestrated more than two dozen lawsuits challenging racial preference laws, is now fighting affirmative action in the Ivies.

11.NY Times/California Today of Nov. 20, 2917 Today’s introduction comes from Jim Wilson, a Times photographer based in the Bay Area. Ben Hernandez stood, mostly silent, watching a crew of cleanup workers using an excavator to pick up the pieces of what was once his family’s four-bedroom home in Santa Rosa’s Coffey Park neighborhoodOccasionally he raised his phone to take a photo or record video of the scene where the deadly Tubbs fire had burned.

12. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 22, 2017 Today’s introduction comes from Adam Nagourney, the Times’s Los Angeles bureau chief. As a rule, politicians who are thinking about running for president tend to be coy. It builds the drama and encourages the “Are you running?” speculation. And should that exploration turn up evidence that running for president is a dumb idea — it happens — it’s easier to step away.

Note: (1) ”If” sentence begins with should that exploration turn up and (2) how to use punctuation – quotation and hyphen 

13. NY Times/California Today of Dec. 2 Tributes left to victims of the Ghost Ship warehouse fire adorned the fence that surrounds the property on Thursday. Jim Wilson/The New York Times The Dec. 2 blaze was America’s worst structural fire in more than a decade and was shocking for many reasons, not least the distressing realization that most of the victims were young and full of plans for the future.

14. NY Times/California Today of Dec. 8, 2017 A firefighter at the Skirball Fire near the Bel Air area of Los Angeles on Wednesday. Robyn Beck/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Good morning. “We came here for the last few days with sometimes worsening news. We are pleased to be here with better news today.” The sun was setting as Mayor Eric M. Garcetti of Los Angeles offered that report Thursday night, opening the second briefing of his day. The smell of smoke still wafted in the air, and he was talking in a park filled with firefighters, emergency vehicles, police officers and camera crews. But the San Fernando Valley sky, which two days ago had been thick with smoke, was mostly clear and the hills were no longer orange with fire.

Note: that report denotes expressions inside “ ”.

15. NY Times of Dec. 11, 2017 Under Trump, E.P.A. Has Slowed Actions Against Polluters, and Put Limits on Enforcement Officers By ERIC LIPTON and DANIELLE IVORY An analysis of enforcement data at the E.P.A. shows a substantial drop in activity against polluters when compared with the Obama and Bush administrations.

16. NY Times of Dec. 27, 2017 Years of Attack Leave Obamacare a More Government-Focused Health Law By ROBERT PEAR   Efforts by Republicans to chip away at the Affordable Care Act, culminating in the repeal of the individual mandate, have left behind a more government-focused health program.

Homeland Security Increasingly Means Putting Agents Outside the Homeland By RON NIXON   Set up to defend the United States, the Homeland Security Department is going beyond American borders to fight foreign threats from abroad.

17. NY Times of Jan. 31, 2018 Trump Issues Appeal for Unity in First State of the Union By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS and MICHAEL D. SHEAR   The president asked Democrats to join him in overhauling immigration and rebuilding infrastructure as the Russia investigations are intensifying.

18. NY Times of Feb. 13, 2018 White House Proposes $4.4 Trillion Budget That Adds $7 Trillion to Deficits By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS  The White House released a proposed budget that is largely irrelevant, given Congress passed a spending bill last week that outlines priorities.

19. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 15, 2018 The proposal was a 49-unit homeless housing complex on a vacant corner in the Boyle Heights section of Los Angeles. But it ran into a wall of neighborhood opposition and was blocked by Jose Huizar, the city councilman who represents the area.  (one sentence omitted) But this week, Mr. Huizar dropped his opposition. For anyone concerned with the crisis, this seems a moment worth examining.

20. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 29, 2018  Amid unrest in Sacramento over the death of Stephon Clark, 22, who was fatally shot by officers responding to a vandalism call, the city’s mayor, Darrell Steinberg, has been both criticized and praised for his response to the grief felt by his black constituents.

21. NY Times/California Today of April 9, 2018  There were dinners at the homes of Hollywood moguls, meetings with tech titans in Silicon Valley, a visit to the desert to talk about space travel with Richard Branson and a stop at Lockheed Martin to check up on satellites and a missile defense system. Along the way, he made time for (the following long sentences are omitted).

22. NY Times/California Today of April 16, 2018  There are few places where the crisis is as severe as it is in Los Angeles, where 25,000 people are living on the streets. Mayor Eric M. Garcetti on Monday will announce an aggressive $20 million program to work around neighborhood opposition and potentially build temporary 100-bed shelters on city-owned land in all 15 City Council districts.

23. NY Times/California Today of May 3, 2018  Today, Stripe, the six-year-old online payments company that has been valued at $9 billion by private investors, is expected to announce a $1 million donation to California Yimby, a housing advocacy organization that was a driving force behind a recently killed bill that would have required local governments to accept higher-density buildings near rail stops.

24. NY Times/California Today of May 18, 2018  Suddenly, the days of multibillion-dollar deficits and anguished debates about what to cut have given way to a quandary over what to do with all this money. In the process, interesting questions have emerged about what happens after Gov. Jerry Brown, a Democrat, leaves office.

25. NY Times/California Today of May 25, 2018  “The greatest challenge of our time,” Representative Ro Khanna of Fremont said, “is the concentration of economic opportunity by geography.”

26. NY Times/California Today of June 5, 2018  President Trump has endorsed one of the Republicans, John Cox, which could give Mr. Cox enough votes to win the other slot. Given how overwhelmingly Democratic the state is — and Mr. Cox’s ties to Mr. Trump — that result would no doubt result in many people declaring Mr. Newsom the presumptive next governor.

27. NY Times of June 28, 2018 Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy Will Retire By MICHAEL D. SHEAR  The announcement gives President Trump the opportunity to create a solid five-member conservative majority and fundamentally change the direction of the court. (partially omitted)

NEWS ANALYSIS Trump Gets Chance to Influence American Life for Generations Through Supreme Court Pick By CHARLIE SAVAGE  Despite President Trump’s rocky tenure, his opportunity to reshape the Supreme Court may allow him to go down in history as an unusually influential president

28. NY Time /California Today of June 29, 2018  This week, as they do every four years, hundreds of earthquake experts huddled in Los Angeles in dimly lit rooms where complicated mathematical formulas representing such things as seismic energy and building strength were projected onto large screens.

29. As an example of Plain English:

NY Times of July 7, 2018  Trump Starts a Trade War, but the Path to Success Remains Unclear By ANA SWANSON and NEIL IRWIN  President Trump has said that trade wars are “easy to win,” but the question is whether he has a plan to achieve the results he wants.

30. NY Times of July 17, 2018 Trump Sheds All Notions of How a President Should Conduct Himself Abroad By MARK LANDLER  Rather than defend America against those who would threaten it, he attacked his own citizens and institutions while hailing the leader of a hostile power.

31. NY Times of July 28, 2018  Economy Hits a High Note, and Trump Takes a Bow By BEN CASSELMAN  Consumer spending helped yield a 4.1 percent growth rate in the quarter as tax cuts took hold. Businesses, while bullish, have shied from investing.

32. Referring to an expression used in NY Times/California Today of the latest July, 2018  "He is on vacation, as is his top deputy."

33.  NY Times of Aug. 2, 2018  Mueller’s Digging Exposes Culture of Foreign Lobbying and Its Big Paydays By MARK MAZZETTI and KATIE BENNER  Robert S. Mueller III’s investigations of foreign money flowing into Washington could be as much a part of his legacy as anything he unearths about Russian election interference.

34. NY Times of Aug. 9, 2018 Republicans Gird for House Battle as Ohio and Kansas Races Remain Close By ALEXANDER BURNS and JONATHAN MARTIN Voting across the Midwest and West this week laid bare the party’s precarious position in the November midterm elections, particularly its vulnerabilities in suburbs and with moderate voters.

35. NY Times/California Today of Aug. 10, 2018 (partially omitted) Left with little information by the academy, which did not make officials available for interviews, news outlets assembled stories with the one ingredient that was plentiful: outrage.

36. NY Times of July 22, 2018 Tabloid Company, Aiding Trump Campaign, May Have Crossed Line Into Politics By JIM RUTENBERG and BEN PROTESS Federal authorities believe that American Media Inc. acted more as a political supporter than as a news organization as it helped Michael D. Cohen suppress embarrassing coverage.

37. NY Times of Aug. 12, 2018 Burying ‘One Child’ Limits, China Pushes Women to Have More Babies By STEVEN LEE MYERS and OLIVIA MITCHELL RYAN  Worried that an aging population imperils the economy, Beijing is scrambling to stimulate a baby boom after decades of harsh restrictions on births.

38. NY Times of Aug. 14, 2018 Turkey’s Lira Crisis Tests Erdogan’s Authoritarian Approach By CARLOTTA GALLTurks are bracing for more financial turmoil. Economists warn that the problem is broader and deeper than a spat with the United States.

39. NY Times of Aug. 16, 2018 Hungary’s Leader Was Shunned by Obama, but Has a Friend in Trump by PATRICK KINGSLEY  Prime Minister Viktor Orban joins a growing roster of right-wing or euroskeptic leaders in Europe to have secured President Trump’s backing.   cf. "so that" clause

40. NY Times/California Today of Aug. 16, 2018 – partial excerpt: But the reopening was most likely a disappointment for some of the park’s longstanding residents — namely the bears, gray foxes, coyotes, deer and bobcats that had taken advantage of the park’s closing to ramble more freely across the valley floor.  cf "so that" clause

41.  NY Times/California Today of Aug. 21, 2018  Charter Communications has announced that a NY1-style local news channel will go live this November for all Spectrum — formerly known as Time Warner Cable — subscribers in the Los Angeles area.  (partially omitted)  Whether the 24-hour Los Angeles network becomes as popular as NY1 remains to be seen. Los Angeles is not exactly hurting for local television coverage, but Spectrum insists it is carving out a different space from local news networks like KTLA or KNBC.

42. NY Times/California Today of Aug. 29, 2018  (partially omitted)  That is probably why SkyRyse is launching the service in Tracy. Dan Patt, who worked on autonomous flight while at Darpa, a research arm of the United States Defense Department, called it an “effort to build trust.”

43. NY Times/California Today of Sept. 17, 2018
With Labor Day in the rearview mirror, campaigns are moving into high gear: rallies, speeches, white papers, bus trips and television advertisements. Oh, and debates. Except, perhaps, in the two highest-profile statewide races in California: governor and U.S. Senate.

44. NY Times/California Today of Sept. 18, 2018    The 70th Primetime Emmys last night in Los Angeles had all the familiar trappings of Hollywood award shows: (partially skipped) In many ways, though, the show reflected the tensions and changes animating the television industry in 2018. Two running themes throughout the ceremony — prompting speculation long before the night kicked off — were the growing role streaming services have played in recent years and the intensifying push for diversity in casting and directing.

45. NY Times/California Today of Sept. 21, 2018  In many parts of the world, it’s the most normal thing: selling food that you make at home. But when Hai Ngoc Lam arrived in the United States five years ago from Vietnam, he found out what other would-be food entrepreneurs here already knew: It’s illegal in California. That changed this week with the signing of a law that authorizes small-scale home food businesses.

46. NY Times of Sept. 30, 2018  Schools Are Tackling ‘Bro’ Culture. The Kavanaugh Case Shows Why That’s Hard to Do. By ANEMONA HARTOCOLLIS and DANA GOLDSTEIN  It is a culture prized by employers from Wall Street to Silicon Valley and romanticized by Hollywood. It is also a crucible for leadership.

47. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 11, 2018  The race for governor of California — between Gavin Newsom, the Democratic lieutenant governor, and John Cox, a Republican business executive — is one of the least competitive contests in the nation. This is a Democratic state, and polls show Mr. Newsom with a substantial lead. (partially skipped) Jerry Brown, who has been governor for eight years, is stepping down just at a moment when California is facing challenges that would test the most experienced chief executive

48. NY Times/California Today of Oct 12, 2018 Representative Devin Nunes and his hometown newspaper, The Fresno Bee, have been locked in battle for several weeks.  On one side is a media outlet that has published critical reporting about a politician’s businesses. On the other is a Republican congressman who has sought to discredit the news media for being part of a left-wing conspiracy.

49. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 15, 2018  The 2018 elections officially begin this week when Californians start receiving their vote-by-mail ballots. California being California, the ballots will be full of confusing ballot initiatives, one of the more contentious of which is a statewide rent control measure called Proposition 10.

50. The Straits Times of Oct. 29, 2018  JAKARTA – Divers deployed for search and rescue operations following the crash of Lion Air flight JT610 on Monday (Oct 29) morning in waters off Karawang, West Java, have recovered the belongings of some passengers, but they have yet to find any survivors.

51. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 9, 2018  It was Nellie Wong’s 21st birthday, so drinks and country music were in order. (partially skipped) The evening at the wood-paneled bar began with a live D.J., lots of plaid, line-dancing and clinking drinks.



(including repeated expressions in the same word or word combination, contrary to the philosophy of Thesaurus; use of the repaeted expressions in the same sentences may be acceptable to some degree, including the intention of emphasis)

1. NY Times of Aug. 17, 2017 Trump Comments on Race Open Breach With C.E.O.s, Military and G.O.P. By MICHAEL D. SHEAR, GLENN THRUSH and MAGGIE HABERMAN​ President Trump was abandoned by executives, contradicted by military leaders and shunned by Republicans outraged by his defense of white nationalists.

2.NY Times of Sept. 2, 2017 Floodwaters Inundate Beaumont as Houston Assesses Damage By AUDRA D. S. BURCH, RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA and JULIE TURKEWIT​ Across coastal Texas, millions of residents grappled with the devastating effects of storm Harvey while millions of others returned home to take in the damage.

3. NY Times of Sept. 4, 2017 Trump Seriously Considering Ending DACA, With 6-Month Delay By MAGGIE HABERMAN and GLENN THRUSH The plan, which officials said could still be changed, would give Congress time to come up with a legislative solution.

4. NY Times of Nov. 8, 2017 Trumpism Without Trump: A Losing Formula in Swing-State Virginia By MICHAEL TACKETT Ed Gillespie, the Republican candidate for governor in Virginia, ran into the clear limits of trying to run as President Trump had in a swing state.

5. NY Times/California Day of Nov. 13, 2017 from Conor Dougherty, a reporter based in the Bay Area. The Republican tax bill making its way through Congress will hit California taxpayers harder than much of the country. It is also very likely to make the state’s housing crisis worse – particularly for lower-income residents.

6. NY Times of Nov. 14, 2017 Protesters Jeer as Trump Team Promotes Coal at U.N. Climate Talks By LISA FRIEDMAN and BRAD PLUMER The Trump administration's debut at the United Nations climate conference in Bonn, Germany, was met with heckling, noisy protest and harsh questions.

Note: struggle with, face up to, address an issue

7. NY Times/California Today of April 12, 2018  Denis Poroy/Associated Press

(Excerpted from California Today’s interview with John Chiang, the California state treasurer, who is running for governor.)

Q. Are you worried the state is heading into a recession? A. People are very concerned about where we are in the economic cycle. They are very concerned about President Trump. If you look at the historical pattern, you know at some point we are going to face a recession.

8. The Straits Times of June 9, 2018 Trump-Kim summit: Laksa and chicken rice on the menu for journalists, who can choose from 45 dishes from 15 cuisines.

9. NY Times of July 22, 2018 Tabloid Company, Aiding Trump Campaign, May Have Crossed Line Into Politics By JIM RUTENBERG and BEN PROTESS  Federal authorities believe that American Media Inc. acted more as a political supporter than as a news organization as it helped Michael D. Cohen suppress embarrassing coverage.

10. NY Times of Aug. 11, 2018  Tensions Between Turkey and U.S. Soar as Trump Orders New Sanctions  By CARLOTTA GALL and JACK EWING  Frustrated by Turkish delays in releasing an American pastor, President Trump announced economic sanctions as Turkey’s currency plummets.

11. NY Times of Aug. 23, 2018  Facebook Fueled Anti-Refugee Attacks in Germany, New Research Suggests By AMANDA TAUB and MAX FISHER  Towns where people use Facebook more also had more attacks on refugees, building on suspicions that the platform makes users more prone to violence.



1. NY Times of Aug. 5, 2017 Mueller Seeks White House Documents on Flynn By MATTHEW ROSENBERG, MATT APUZZO and MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT

Investigators have also questioned witnesses about whether Michael T. Flynn was secretly paid by the Turkish government in the final months of the 2016 presidential campaign.

2. NY Times of Aug. 3, 2017 Wall Street, Climbing Sharply, Skips Washington's 'Soap Opera' By NELSON D. SCHWARTZThe stock surge of recent months, ignited by policy prospects, is now driven by strong earnings and other factors that seem impervious to politics.

​3. NY Times of Aug. 26, 2017 North Korea Fires Short-Range Missiles From Its East Coast By CHOE SANG-HUN At a time of escalating tensions with the United States, North Korea fired several short-range missiles about 155 miles into the sea.

4. Straits Times of Aug.27, 2017 Study on legal obstacles to doing business suggests new cluster to focus on, of e-services, logistics, and financial and infrastructure services  Asean was born at a time of great change for South-east Asia, with decolonisation, rapid industrialisation and economic uncertainty. Today, at 50, Asean faces new economic alliances, a new "industrialisation" landscape known as Industry 4.0, and economic uncertainty.

5. NY Times of Sept. 12, 2017Damp, Dark and Disarrayed, Florida Starts Coping With Irma's Aftermath By ALEXANDER BURNS Widespread power losses and localized flooding caused by the hurricane threatened to bedevil the state for days, if not weeks, to come.

6. NY Times of Sept. 15, 2017North Korea Launches Another Missile, Escalating Crisis By CHOE SANG-HUN and DAVID E. SANGER The test is the 15th such one this year and the first since the country detonated its most powerful nuclear bomb to date.

7. NY Times of Sept. 21, 2017 Hurricane Maria Strikes, and Puerto Rico Goes Dark By LUIS FERRÉ-SADURNÍ and ANEMONA HARTOCOLLIS Less than two weeks after Hurricane Irma, a new storm made a direct hit on the island, knocking out its power grid.

At Mexican School Hit by Quake, Heartbreak and Dwindling Hope​ By PAULINA VILLEGAS At least 30 children died when the earthquake collapsed their school. As the hours passed, rescuers found mostly lifeless bodies, but also some survivors.

8. NY Times of Sept. 22, 2017 Puerto Rico Faces Mountain of Obstacles on the Road to Recovery By LUIS FERRÉ-SADURNÍ, LIZETTE ALVAREZ and FRANCES ROBLES​ For an island long crippled by enormous debt and an essentially bankrupt financial system, Puerto Rico's road back has gone from long to seemingly endless.

9. NY Times of Sept. 25, 2017 New Order Indefinitely Bars Almost All Travel From Seven Countries By MICHAEL D. SHEAR Starting next month, most citizens of Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Chad and North Korea will be indefinitely banned from entering the United States.

10. NY Times of Sept. 27, 2017 'This Is Like in War': A Scramble to Care for Puerto Rico's Sick and Injured By LUIS FERRÉ-SADURNÍ, FRANCES ROBLES and LIZETTE ALVAREZ The situation on Puerto Rico was becoming increasingly critical as residents struggled to find medical care amid a shortage of power, water and gasoline.

11. NY Times of Oct. 1, 2017 U.S. in Direct Communication With North Korea, Says TillersonbBy DAVID E. SANGER The confirmation marks the first time the Trump administration has acknowledged it is in contact with Pyongyang without the help of an intermediary.

cf. for the first time

12. NY Times of Dec. 28, 2017 Crime in New York City Plunges to a Level Not Seen Since the 1950s By ASHLEY SOUTHALL  The city is on pace for its lowest homicide total in decades. If the trend holds just a few more days, it will mark the 27th straight year that crime has declined.

13. NY Times of Jan. 25, 2018 Trump Says He Is Open to a Path to Citizenship for ‘Dreamers’ By MAGGIE HABERMAN, KATIE ROGERS and MICHAEL D. SHEAR   President Trump once again seemed to undercut his administration’s message, saying that he would allow the young illegal immigrants to “morph into” citizens over a period of time.

14. Times of Jan. 28, 2018 Every One of the World’s Big Economies Is Now Growing By PETER S. GOODMAN  For the first time since the global economic downturn, there is a wave of expansion that is creating jobs, lifting fortunes and tempering fears of popular discontent.

15. Over 100,000 people attended the week-long event, and the scene was, like India itself, a colorful crush of humanity. (Excerpted from: Joseph Stiglitz's Making Globalization Work, published by Penguin Books)  

16. NY Times /California Today of Feb. 27, 2018  It’s the prettiest time of year in California’s Central Valley. Along country roads, fragrant trees burst with white, pink and red flowers that normally bear a bounty of fruit in the summer. But a cold snap that gripped the state last week may have harmed the blossoms and undermined this year’s almond, peach, plum and nectarine crops. Now growers are busy assessing the fallout. “There will be damage; it’s just a matter of how bad it will be,” said John Chandler, a grower in the Fresno area. “Frost at the time that it came is really catastrophic.”

17. NY Times /California Today of Mar. 5, 2018 Whether or not you chose to spend four hours of your evening watching the Academy Awards, someone is sure to talk to you about them today. So, with a major hat tip to our reporters Brooks Barnes, Cara Buckley, Sopan Deb and Daniel Victor, and to our photographer Josh Haner (it’s like our own little acceptance speech!) we offer you an Oscars roundup you can scan quickly on your way to work.

18. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 6, 2018  Fifty years ago this month, amid the tumult of the 1960s, thousands of Chicano students from Los Angeles high schools walked out of class to protest racism and failing schools.

19. NY Times/California Today of Mar. 22,2018   More than 10 years ago, Arnold Schwarzenegger, then the Republican governor of California, told an audience of conservative leaders that the California Republican Party had moved too far to the right and was “dying at the box office.”

20. NY Times/California Today of May 15, 2018  And in San Francisco it’s become a particular flash point. Here, the Zuckerberg name is visible on one of the city’s most iconic institutions and one where privacy is part of the compact: the 146-year-old general hospital.

21. NY Times/California Today of May 16, 2018  Facebook revealed for the first time how much and what type of content it removes. It said it had taken down 865.8 million posts in the first quarter of 2018, mostly spam, and 583 million fake accounts. [The New York Times]

22. NY Times of June 8, 2018  The Most Powerful Conservative Couple You’ve Never Heard Of By STEPHANIE SAUL and DANNY HAKIM  Liz and Dick Uihlein, founders of the shipping supply giant Uline, have spent some $26 million this year alone, seeking to advance conservative causes anywhere they can.

23. NY Times of June 9, 2018  TECHNOLOGY Move Over, China: U.S. Is Again Home to World’s Speediest Supercomputer By STEVE LOHR  For the past five years, China has had the world’s fastest computer. But as of Friday, Summit, a machine built in the United States, is taking the lead.

NY Times of June 9, 2018 Mueller Adds Obstruction Charge on Manafort and Indicts His Right-Hand Man By KENNETH P. VOGEL  Paul Manafort’s longtime associate, Konstantin V. Kilimnik, is suspected of having ties to Russian intelligence. Prosecutors say the two men tried to tamper with witnesses.

24. NY Times/California Today of June 22, 2018  Recalling Japanese Internment in the Era of Trump  Mas Okui was 10 years old when he was separated from his mother.  It was April 1942. Two months before, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had signed Executive Order 9066, which turned the West Coast into a military zone after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.

25. NY Times/California Today of July 19, 2018  For the first time in more than a year, California’s Highway 1 more commonly called the Pacific Coast Highway — is open without interruption, after a chunk of it was wiped away in a massive landslide last year.

26. NY Times Oct.3, 2018  San Francisco’s new transit hub, a three-block-long edifice that floats like a cruise ship above downtown streets, was open only six weeks before the discovery of cracks in two massive steel beams prompted officials to close the terminal.

27. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 4, 2018
Los Angeles has over the years provided the backdrop for all sorts of television shows and movies: Westerns, science fiction, war movies and cops-and-robbers. In recent weeks, a corner of the county has been transformed into something else: the state of Iowa in the midst of a presidential campaign.



Use, Purpose, Method, Way, Case & Event

1. NY Times of Aug. 3, 2017 In Breakthrough, Scientists Edit a Dangerous Mutation From Genes in Human Embryos By PAM BELLUCK Researchers have found a way to reliably remove disease-causing mutations from human embryos, an achievement sure to renew concerns over so-called designer babies.

2. NY Times of Sept. 12, 2017 After U.S. Compromise, Security Council Strengthens North Korea Sanctions By SOMINI SENGUPTA  The Security Council adopted a measure that sets a modest cap on oil imports to North Korea, far weaker than what the United States had sought.



Note 1: It seems that a limited, not many, number of basical verb, or intuitively appealing verb, tends to be used.

Note 2: Dynamism of languages & culture is likely to be found out in American English, Singaporean English and so on.

1. NY Times of Aug. 14, 2017

Hurt and Angry, Charlottesville Tries to Regroup From Violence By SHERYL GAY STOLBERG

After a white nationalist rally led to melees and the death of a 32-year-old woman, the city tried to recover – as the police, in particular, came in for criticism.

White House Acts to Stem Fallout From Trump's First Charlottesville Remarks  By GLENN THRUSH and REBECCA R. RUIZ  A statement from the White House, under siege over President Trump's initial comments, on Sunday condemned "white supremacists" for inciting violence that left a woman dead.

North Korea's Missile Success Is Linked to Ukrainian Plant, Investigators Say By WILLIAM J. BROAD and DAVID E. SANGER  Investigators are focusing on the factory as a black-market source for North Korea, a new report and classified intelligence assessments say.

​2. NY Times of Aug. 22, 2017 Trump Sets U.S. Strategy but No 'Blank Check' for Afghan War By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS and MARK LANDLER

The president embraced deepened American involvement in a nearly 16-year-old war, but he did not say how many troops would be committed or how he would judge success.

3. NY Times of Aug. 25, 2017 Naval Vessels, Shadowy by Intent, Are Hard for Commercial Ships to Spot By KEITH BRADSHER and HANNAH BEECH​  They are designed to avoid detection by enemy fleets and aircraft, but this has proved deadly in crowded waters like those near Singapore and Tokyo.

​4. NY Times of Aug. 29, 207 Texas Governor Warns of a Long, Slow Recovery​ By JULIE TURKEWITZ, RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA and JACK HEALY The flooding from tropical storm Harvey that has turned neighborhoods into lakesis just the start of a disaster that will take years to overcome.

5. NY Times of Aug. 31, 2017 Trump in Missouri Lays Groundwork for Tax Overhaul but Offers No Details​ By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS and BINYAMIN APPELBAUM In a speech on Wednesday in Springfield, Mo., President Trump laid out the case for cutting taxes for businesses and individuals and for simplifying the tax code.

6. NY Times of Sept., 2017 On DACA, President Trump Has No Easy Path​ By GLENN THRUSH, MAGGIE HABERMAN and JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS Delaying a decision on the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program would buy the president some breathing room but displease nearly everyone else.

NY Times of Sept., 2017 U.S. Urges Fuel Cutoff for North Korea, Saying It's 'Begging for War' By DAVID E. SANGER and CHOE SANG-HUNTrump administration officials said a cutoff was a last best chance to resolve the standoff with the North using sanctions rather than military means.

7. Herald Tribune of Sept. 11, 2017 Hurricane Irma’s late shift east largely spared the area from what could have been much greater damage. Huricane Irma left Manatee County to contend with downed power lines, uprooted trees, crinkled business signs and debris-covered streets on Monday morning — and never before were people so happy to clean up a mess.

​Comments: Herald Tribune is International edition of The New York Times, available in Asian area as well.

8. NY Times of Sept. 27, 2017 Senate Republicans Say They Will Not Vote on Health Bill By THOMAS KAPLAN and ROBERT PEAR Senate Republicans said they would not move ahead with a vote on the latest plan to repeal the Affordable Care Act, which lacked the support to pass.

9. NY Times of Sept. 28, 2017 Trump Proposes the Most Sweeping Tax Overhaul in Decades By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS and ALAN RAPPEPORT In Indiana, President Trump began an intense push to slash taxes and salvage what is left of his foundering legislative agenda in Congress.

10. NY Times of Oct. 4, 217 Meticulous Planning by Las Vegas Gunman Before He Opened Fire By JENNIFER MEDINA, RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA and ADAM GOLDMAN New details emerged about how Stephen Paddock managed to kill 58 people and himself, and investigators said they hoped to learn more from his girlfriend.

11. NY Times of Oct. 5, 2017 

Republicans Open to Banning 'Bump Stocks' Used in Massacre By SHERYL GAY STOLBERG and TIFFANY HSU After resisting any gun legislation for decades, Republican lawmakers say they will examine the kits used in Las Vegas toturn rifles into rapid-firing weapons.

Las Vegas Gunman Chased Gambling's Payouts and Perks By JOHN BRANCH, SERGE F. KOVALESKI and SABRINA TAVERNISE Stephen Paddock was well known to casino hosts: He would sit at video poker machines for hours, often wagering more than $100 a hand, and sometimes winning tens of thousands.

Hurricane Damage in Puerto Rico Leads to Fears of Drug Shortages Nationwide By KATIE THOMAS and SHEILA KAPLAN Two weeks after Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, manufacturers are rushing to get their plants on the island back on line to avoid production problems.

12. NY Times of Oct. 6, 2017 For Republican Leaders in Congress, the Headaches Keep Mounting By JONATHAN MARTIN and ALEXANDER BURNS Republican leaders find themselves under attack from the right and left, questioned by their donors and even threatened by the Trump White House.

13. NY Times of Oct. 7, 2017 'My Stomach Dropped': Harrowing Night for Twin Brothers of the Las Vegas Police By JENNIFER MEDINA As Sergeant Branden Clarkson helped direct officers responding to the mass shooting, he learned his brother, a detective, had been shot in the neck.

Company Scrambles as Weinstein Takes Leave and a Third of the Board Resigns By MEGAN TWOHEY and NIRAJ CHOKSHI The moves came as employees and business partners of the company voiced concern about sexual harassment allegations, revealed in a New York Times investigation.

14. NY Times of Oct. 11, 2017 Wildfires Burn Out of Control Across Northern California; 17 Are Dead By THOMAS FULLER, RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA and JONAH ENGEL BROMWICH The two biggest and most destructive fires consumed more than 52,000 acres in Napa and Sonoma Counties, the heart of wine country.

Comment: I, who had lived an about 2 years and half live in Orange county, I really pray the wildfires are falling in still earlier control.

15. Straits Times / Business of Oct. 16, 2017 Electric cars: Look out for the 'Kodak moment' by Goh Eng Yeow, Senior Correspondent        When Apple launched its wildly popular iPhone a decade ago, you would expect other mobile phone makers such as Nokia and Motorola to have come under threat, and so it proved.

As it turned out, they were vanquished by the competition and have all but disappeared into the dusty pages of history. But the revolution unleashed by the iPhone goes far beyond transforming the telephone sector. Other global household names got obliterated as well.

16. Excerpted from: NY Times/California Today of Oct. 19, 2017 Why Jerry Brown Vetoes By MIKE MCPHATE Surrounded by lawmakers and other officials, Gov. Jerry Brown signed bills designed to address California's housing crisis last month. Eric Risberg /Associated Press

The bills have kept coming. With the 2017 legislative session now officially ended, Mr. Brown has signed nearly 6,000 measures over his latest two terms, according to government figures.

17. NY Times of Nov. 6, 2017 Saudi Crown Prince's Mass Purge Upends a Longstanding System By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK The move appeared to be the most sweeping shift in governance the kingdom has experienced for more than eight decades.

18. NY Times of Nov. 10, 2017 Case of Missing Lebanese Prime Minister Stirs Middle East Tensions By ANNE BARNARD and DAVID M. HALBFINGER A series of odd events in the Middle East have analysts and diplomats wondering if they are connected, and whether they are a prelude to war.

19. NY Times/California Today of April 10, 2018  In 2015, landlords filed 51,203 eviction cases in Los Angeles County. That number sounds high, but it represents a relatively small share — roughly 3 percent — of all renter households in the county.

20. NY Times of May 23, 2018  Trump Says North Korea Summit Meeting May Be Delayed By MARK LANDLER 9:24 PM ET At a meeting with South Korea’s president, Moon Jae-in, President Trump raised doubt about his planned meeting with North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un. “It may not work out for June 12,” he said.

21. NY Times/California Today of May 22, 2018  The Salesforce Tower, the second tallest building west of the Mississippi, has already redefined the San Francisco skyline. Now it will take the concept of public art to new heights.

22. NY Times/California Today of May 23, 2018  In 1968, he started as a 17-year-old with the California Department of Forestry, now Cal Fire. He went on to lead the Tahoe Hotshots, an elite U.S. Forest Service fire crew, for 16 years.

23. NY Times of June 18, 2018 Leading Republicans Join Democrats in Pushing Trump to Halt Family Separations By PETER BAKER  While Melania Trump said that “both sides” need to come together to solve the problem, Laura Bush laid responsibility at the feet of the administration.

NY Times of June 18, 2018 A Financier’s Profit-Minded Mission to Open a Channel Between Kushner and North Korea By MARK MAZZETTI and MARK LANDLER  The American businessman, who lives in Singapore, took advantage of an unusual opening in an administration where matters of policy and business often seem to blur.

24. NY Times/California Today July 17, 2018  A Throwback to Magazines of Old, With Very Little Trump News By DAVID STREITFELD AND CHARLES MCDERMID  (partially omitted)  When his old friend Will Hearst got in touch about editing a new California publication, Mr. Potts agreed on the condition he could stay put.

25. NY Times of Aug. 22, 2018  Facebook Identifies New Influence Operations Spanning Globe By SHEERA FRENKEL and NICHOLAS FANDOS  The social network removed hundreds of fake accounts and pages targeting people in different countries and regions that originated in Iran and Russia.

26. NY Times of Sept. 12, 2018  As Florence’s Power Nears the Carolinas, Residents Brace for the Worst By JOHN SCHWARTZ and TIMOTHY WILLIAMS  A powerful Category 4 hurricane could linger along the coasts of North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia, and deliver a huge life-threatening storm surge.

27. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 22, 2018  Today, we’re launching a series of 10 California-themed crossword puzzles, written by the veteran Times crossword constructor and San Diego resident Bruce Haight. Each puzzle will focus on a different aspect of California life, covering everything from Silicon Valley to sauvignon blanc, and will come with the signature wit and sophistication you expect from the Times crossword.

28. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 24, 2018  The Dodgers’ pursuit of their first championship since 1988 continues Wednesday at Fenway Park in Game 2 of the World Series. In the opener, the Red Sox defeated the Dodgers, 8-4. The Dodgers fell one game short last season, falling in seven games to the Houston Astros.

29. NY Times of Nov. 3, 2018  5 of Our Best Weekend Reads Welcome to the weekend. In these articles you’ll meet young Evangelicals struggling to align their beliefs and their faith, learn how the billionaire George Soros became a target of the right, find out what Jennifer Lopez has been up to, and more.

30. NY Times of Nov. 10, 2018  5 of Our Best Political Reads After all the ads and rallies and votes, the 2018 Midterm Elections are over. The Democrats managed to take over the House, while the Republicans kept control of the Senate, setting up two years of combat in Washington before we do it all over again with the 2020 presidential election. As the dust continues to settle, here are five pieces that tell the story of what happened – and what could be next.



1. Straits Times of Aug. 23, 2017 "With so much uncertainty at its leadership, Samsung may move more slowly than before to make the kind of bold, large-scale investments that made it so successful today," Mr Chung told AFP.

2. NY Times of Aug. 31, 2017 As Houston Looks to Recover, Small Towns Now Bear the Brunt​ By CAMPBELL ROBERTSON, RICK ROJAS and SHAILA DEWAN Houston has begun assessing the damage of Harvey, but the storm marched on to conquer a new swath speckled with small towns and home to millions.

3. NY Times of Sept. 3,, 2017 For One Family in Houston, an Overwhelming Start to Recovery By JACK HEALY With no preparation and few road maps to guide them, hurricane survivors like the Amofas are stumbling through their first bewildering days after Harvey.

4.NY Times of Sept. 8, 2017 Hurricane Irma Barrels Toward U.S., Threatening to Engulf Florida​ By LIZETTE ALVAREZ and MARC SANTORA The storm prompted the largest evacuation in Florida history, with people scrambling into crowded shelters and jamming highways.

5. NY Times of Sept. 28, 2017 Twitter, With Accounts Linked to Russia, to Face Congress Over Role in Election By DAISUKE WAKABAYASHI and SCOTT SHANE Facebook has faced the most scrutiny over social media's role in the 2016 election. But Twitter may have been used even more extensively by Russians.

6. NY Times of Sept. 3, 2017 A Burst of Gunfire, a Pause, Then Carnage in Las Vegas That Would Not Stop By KEN BELSON, JENNIFER MEDINA and RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA Thousands of concertgoers found themselves turned into targets, and in the chaos, many tried to lie flat, with no idea they were being fired upon from above.

7. NY Times of Oct. 16, 2017 Mogadishu Truck Bombings Are Deadliest Attack in Decades By HUSSEIN MOHAMED, ERIC SCHMITT and MOHAMED IBRAHIM With at least 270 people dead, suspicion fell on the Shabab, a militant group that has been losing ground but, it now appears, perhaps not strength.

8. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 8, 2017 Today’s introduction comes from Jennifer Medina, a national correspondent based in Los Angeles. Latinos make up the majority of students in California. And the state is widely regarded as being a bastion of Latino political power, with Latinos holding many of the top positions in Sacramento. 

9. NY Times Nov. 9, 2017 Suburbs Rebel Against Trump, Threatening Republicans in Congress By ALEXANDER BURNS and JONATHAN MARTIN Suburban areas appear to be in open revolt against President Trump, with a coalition of educated whites and minorities shunning Republican candidates.

10. NY Times/Special California Today of Dec. 8, 2017 Ventura County firefighters worked to douse embers in Ventura on Thursday. Hilary Swift for The New York Times Good afternoon. This is a special edition of California Today, sent to provide the latest news of the wildfires raging across greater Los Angeles. Southern California is fighting a renewed onslaught from the wildfires, with emergency crews contending with brisk winds, steep terrain and fatigue from days of relentless work.

11. NY Times of Dec. 14, 2017 Alabama Loss Exposes Republican Fissures Amid a Democratic Surge By JONATHAN MARTIN and ALEXANDER BURNS With the Republican majority in the Senate now reduced to a single seat, the party's establishment is uneasy about what the populist wing could do in next year's primary races.

12. NY Times/California today of Dec.26, 2017 The fires that ripped across California have produced a round of commentary about the perils that come with living in this state. It is nothing new. California has inspired a whole genre of literature and film over the years: dark and apocalyptic, with a disaster lurking behind every stunning sunset illuminating those late-afternoon winter surfers on the Pacific.

13. NY Times /California Today of Dec. 27, 2017 In the aftermath of the wildfires that swept through Napa and Santa Rosa in October, Mr. Coursey said his office has been inundated with emails from tenants urging him and the council to enact expanded renter protections, as well as from landlords who worry that the emergency just cause ordinance will eventually become permanent. The Santa Rosa City Council is expected to take up the measure early next year.

14. NY Times of Jan. 21, 2018 Bitter Bickering Muddies the Path to Ending the Government Shutdown By THOMAS KAPLAN and SHERYL GAY STOLBERG  With the government shut down and the two parties faulting each other, senators from both parties were looking for an agreement to end the crisis.

15. NY Times of Feb. 26, 2018  With Olympics Over, Team Korea Goes Back to Being 2 Countries By MOTOKO RICH  Athletes from North and South Korea waved the flags of their own countries as they arrived for the closing ceremony. Only time will tell whether Olympic diplomacy has had a lasting effect.

16. NYTimes/California Today of Mar.14, 2018 President Trump's visit to California
With Mexico off in the distance, speaker after speaker stepped to the podium Tuesday, each offering their vision of California values. There was a congressman, pastors, a rabbi, a representative of the Muslim community, a union organizer.

17.  NY Times/California Today of Mar. 20, 2018  With opening day a little more than a week away, the Dodgers’ third baseman, Justin Turner, got hit by a pitch and broke his wrist Monday night. Turner batted .322 with 21 homers last season. [Associated Press via ESPN]

18. Nikkei Asian Review of Mar. 26, 2018 Get insights into Asia  With more reporters and contributors across the region than any other business publication, only Nikkei Asian Review can give you a view of business in Asia from the inside. Stay abreast of the latest news, analysis and insights with a subscription to Nikkei Asian Review. Also find translations of the best material from The Nikkei, Japan' s leading business and economic news daily.

19. NY Times/California Today of April 4, 2018  Farmers across California’s agriculture industry are worried over the escalating trade conflict between the United States and China, with steep new tariffs specifically targeting some of the state’s most lucrative exports.

20. NY Times of May 11, 2018  With Prisoners Home, Trump Sets Date for North Korea Meeting By MARK LANDLER and KATIE ROGERS 3:51 AM ET  President Trump, exulting in the release of three Americans from North Korea, confirmed that he would meet Kim Jong-un, the North’s leader, in Singapore on June 12.

21. NY Times/California Today of May 17, 2018  Charter schools are front and center in California’s race for governor, with wealthy out-of-staters pouring millions into Antonio Villaraigosa’s campaign, and the state teachers union backing Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom. The primary is June 5. [CALmatters]

22. Nikkei Asian Review of May 19, 2018  by Nikkei staff writers  With TPP ratification in sight, Abe raises banner of free trade. Thailand, South Korea and Taiwan show interest in joining.

23. NY Times/California Today of June 7, 2018  If elected governor in the fall, Mr. Newsom would take office with a policy agenda more liberal than that of any other blue-state governor in the country.

24. NY Times of June 18, 2018 Deadly Tensions Rise as India’s Water Supply Runs Dangerously Low By MARIA ABI-HABIB and HARI KUMAR  Some 600 million Indians, about half the population, face high to extreme water scarcity conditions, with about 200,000 dying every year from inadequate access to safe water, says a government report.

NY Times of June 18, 2018 Colombia Elects Iván Duque, Populist Conservative, as President By NICHOLAS CASEY and SUSAN ABAD    Mr. Duque defeated a leftist rival by tapping into dissatisfaction with the economy and a contentious peace deal with rebels.

25. NY Times of Aug. 7,2018 Saudi Arabia Assails Canada Over Rights Criticism, Sending Message to West By BEN HUBBARD With a harsh response to statements from Canada’s Foreign Ministry, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman signals that while he may be a social reformer, he will strike hard at critics at home and abroad.

26. NY Times of Aug. 25, 2018 PARIS DISPATCH  Paris Bees at Work From Notre-Dame to the Luxembourg Gardens By ALISSA J. RUBIN  Paris has seen a marked rise in urban beekeeping, with more than 1,000 hives atop landmark buildings as well as in community gardens across the city.

27.  NY Times of Aug. 31, 2018  Precious as Silver, Vanilla Brings Cash and Crime to Madagascar Photographs and Text by FINBARR O’REILLY  With prices reaching hundreds of dollars a pound, Madagascar’s vanilla-growing region is in the midst of an economic boom. The windfall, however, has come at a steep cost.

28. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 26, 2018  Latino voters in California could help decide party control in Washington in the midterms, with several of the country’s most competitive congressional races being fought here. But just how many Hispanics will show up at the ballot box remains a big question, and it appears that most in the state have not been contacted directly by campaigns.

29. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 7, 2018  As we warned — it was indeed a long night in California. The two top statewide races were called early for Democrats, with Gavin Newsom ascending to the governor’s mansion and Dianne Feinstein easily winning re-election to the Senate.



Ref. – try to consult with:; in addition to Google Translate, this Web site dictionary might be one of the most contemporary for word-combination, in particular. Incidentally, you could consult with Google Chrome/Translate, while reading a Web site article on the Google Chrome. In using Translate, it is actually convenient for you to execute Copy & Paste.

1.  NY Times of Sept. 4, 2017 Trump Seriously Considering Ending DACA, With 6-Month Delay By MAGGIE HABERMAN and GLENN THRUSH The plan, which officials said could still be changed, would give Congress time to come up with a legislative solution.

​2.NY Times of Sept. 8, 2017​ Mercurial Trump Rattles Republican Party Ahead of Midterms​ By JONATHAN MARTIN and ALEXANDER BURNS From siding with Democrats to inspiring Trump-like primary challengers, President Trump is shaking up the political environment ahead of the midterms.

Mexico Earthquake, Strongest in a Century, Kills Dozens​ By PAULINA VILLEGAS, ELISABETH MALKIN and KIRK SEMPLE The quake, which struck off the Pacific Coast, set off tsunami warnings and scattered frightened residents into the streets as far as Mexico City.

3. NY Times of Oct. 17, 2017 Trump and McConnell Strive for Comity Amid Rising Tensions By MICHAEL D. SHEAR and SHERYL GAY STOLBERG President Trump and Senator Mitch McConnell, the Republican leader, put on a public display of bonhomie, waving aside reports of a disintegrating relationship.

4. NY Times of Oct. 27, 2017 Trump Declares Opioid Crisis a 'Health Emergency' but Requests No Funds By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS The long-promised directive fulfills a vow but falls short of the national emergency declaration President Trump had pledged.


Words with a diversity of meaning

1. NY Times of Oct. 12, 2017 Weinstein Company Was Aware of Payoffs in 2015 By MEGAN TWOHEY As the company seeks to distance itself from Harvey Weinstein, there are conflicting accounts about what it knew and how it responded.

2. NY Times / California Today of Oct. 12, 2017 A Rising Death Toll From Wildfires By MIKE MCPHATE A full accounting of the loss of life in Northern California’s wildfires has been agonizingly slow to emerge.

3. NY Times of Oct. 21, 2017 Conflicting Accounts in Niger Ambush Are Subject of Pentagon Investigation By DIONNE SEARCEY, HELENE COOPER and ERIC SCHMITT Nigerien officials have said that a convoy gave chase to Islamic militants who later returned to ambush them, but American troops say they didn't pursue the militants before the attack.

4. NY Times of Oct. 30, 2017 Trump Tries to Shift Focus as First Charges Reportedly Loom in Russia Case By JULIE HIRSCHFELD DAVIS In a series of Twitter posts, President Trump attacked Hillary Clinton, saying Republicans were now pushing back against the Russia allegations by looking into her.

Russia Uses Its Oil Giant, Rosneft, as a Foreign Policy Tool By CLIFFORD KRAUSS The Kremlin has used the company to help Venezuela's government avoid collapse as Moscow looks to project more economic and political swa


Mixed-up categorized corner (with almost all of the forgoing categories included)

The purpose is to take into consideration the stream of an expression and also making good use of Text-to-Speech function to enjoy a language learning works. (Now, in preparation for Text-to-Speech, spplied by

1. NY Times/California Today of June 1, 2018  Good morning. With less than a week to go until the primary, two Democratic candidates for governor — Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom and Antonio Villaraigosa, the former mayor of Los Angeles — are engaged in border-to-border bus trips.  Mr. Newsom’s tour took him to a labor hall in Burbank on Wednesday. For those of you who couldn’t make it, here are some excerpts from his 16-minute speech, condensed and edited for clarity.  “I am of the humble opinion that in an economy as large, with a population as diverse and extraordinary as ours, with the natural instincts to lead, with the ability to redirect existing resources in a more resourceful way, that we could cover every single citizen and every single resident in this state, regardless of income, and provide universal health care. Regardless of pre-existing conditions, your ability to pay, or your immigration status. We can lead the nation in that conversation.  “In so many ways, the world is looking to us. This is California. I wouldn’t want to be anyplace else. Eat your heart out, Texas. California is a special place: a majority-minority state; 27 percent of this state foreign born. The state has brought in 112,000 refugees in the last 15 years: 1,454 Syrian refugees. No other state has taken more Syrian refugees, Mr. Trump. It’s a point of pride.

2. NY Times/California Today of June 6, 2018  As of early this morning, California was living up to its reputation for being notoriously slow at vote counting, and a lot remains to be seen. Still, here’s a look at what we know so far:

3. NY Times of June 10, 2018 Meeting With Kim Tests Trump’s Dealmaking Swagger By MARK LANDLER  In some ways, President Trump, who came of age during the Cuban Missile Crisis and has long given thought to North Korea, has been preparing for this encounter his entire adult life.

4. The Straits Times of June 11, 2018
SINGAPORE – US President Donald Trump expressed his gratitude on Monday (June 11) to Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong for Singapore’s role in hosting the summit between the United States and North Korea. "We have a very interesting meeting in particular tomorrow, and I think things can work out very nicely. But we appreciate your hospitality and professionalism and your friendship. Thank you very much," President Trump said as they began their working lunch at the Istana.

(partially omitted)

Mr Trump landed at Paya Lebar Air Base just the night before, after attending the G-7 summit in Canada. He retracted his endorsement of the major economic powers' joint communiqué while on his way to Singapore. He is expected to have a meet and greet session with US embassy staff after his engagement at the Istana. Meanwhile, diplomats from the US and North Korea are meeting behind closed doors at the Ritz-Carlton hotel in Singapore, in a final-hour bid to narrow their differences ahead of the summit between Mr Trump and Mr Kim Jong Un on Tuesday morning.

5. NY Times of June 12 of 2018 Trump Claims Progress After Historic Talks With Kim Jong-un By MARK LANDLER  The president and the North Korean leader signed a document that Mr. Trump called “comprehensive,” though it appeared to be short on details. (partially omitted)

NY Times of June 12, 2018  The Nine Steps Required to Really Disarm North Korea By WILLIAM J. BROAD, DAVID E. SANGER and TROY GRIGGS  The size, scope and sophistication of North Korea’s atomic program mean its dismantling would be far and away the most challenging in nuclear history.

6. NY Times/California Today of June 13, 2018  (partially omitted) We asked two of the main players working for and against the recall their thoughts about what it means: (partially omitted)  Dauber, writing via email: This is a historical moment in which women from across a broad cross-section of American life are standing up and refusing to continue with business as usual.

7. NY Times of June 14, 2018  Trump Sees End to North Korea Threat Despite Unclear Path Forward By PETER BAKER and CHOE SANG-HUN  “Sleep well tonight!” President Trump reassured Americans after returning from the summit meeting. “What planet is the president on?” replied Senator Chuck Schumer.

8. NY Times/California Today of June 14, 2018  The election of London Breed as mayor of San Francisco, which was all but made official Wednesday when Mark Leno, the runner-up in the election, conceded defeat, was a remarkable victory.  (partially omitted)  

For many black people in the city, Ms. Breed’s election has a special resonance, one that rekindles the hope that the long and steady decline of San Francisco’s African-American population might be stanched or even reversed.

9. NY Times/California Today of June 20, 2018  With the United States in the grip of a crisis over immigration, the experience of California in the 1990s offers some historical context. That was when California was experiencing, in the words of Manuel Pastor, a sociologist at the University of Southern California, its own “Trump moment”: a time of rapid demographic change with an influx of Latinos, and a Republican-led effort to deny services to undocumented immigrants and ban bilingual education.

10. NY Times of June 25, 2018 Erdogan’s Election Win Gives Him Vastly Expanded Powers in Turkey By CARLOTTA GALL  The vote was the first to be held since Turkey narrowly approved a referendum last year to give the president, once a largely ceremonial role, sweeping executive authority.

11. NY Times/California Today of June 26, 2018 Who Gets to Decide Where to Build Housing? By ADAM NAGOURNEY AND MATT STEVENS  When state legislation designed to override local zoning laws and permit construction of apartment buildings in a half-mile swath around transit lines across California died earlier this year, opponents said the decision of where to build desperately needed housing should be left to local communities.

12. NY Times/California Today of June 27, 2018 And in one of the Trump administration’s most significant political victories yet, the court also upheld President Trump’s ban on travel from several predominantly Muslim countries. In the west Los Angeles neighborhood known as Little Tehran, immigrants from Iran were digesting the news over small cups of thick black coffee Tuesday morning. Many said they were not surprised to hear that the court had sided with the president, which they saw as a sign that he wielded far more authority than his predecessors.

13. NY Times/California Today of June 28, 2018  California has led the way on soda taxes. Now, it is leading the way in a new industry strategy to kill them.  Soda taxes were cooked up as policies meant to discourage consumption of sugary drinks, which have been linked to diabetes, obesity and tooth decay. The first city in the United States to pass one was liberal Berkeley, after more than three dozen failed attempts around the country. From there, the idea gained momentum, and three California municipalities passed similar taxes in 2016.

14. NY Times of June 29, 2018  Political War Over Replacing Kennedy on Supreme Court Is Underway By MICHAEL D. SHEAR and THOMAS KAPLAN  Democrats and liberal advocacy organizations face enormous challenges if they hope to prevent President Trump from installing a conservative justice.


5 People Dead in Shooting at Maryland’s Capital Gazette Newsroom By SABRINA TAVERNISE, AMY HARMON and MAYA SALAM  The suspect, identified as Jarrod W. Ramos, 38, had a long history of conflict with the news group.

WHITE HOUSE MEMO In Meeting With Putin, Experts Fear Trump Will Give More Than He Gets By MARK LANDLER  Foreign policy officials, including some in his own administration, fear a repeat of President Trump’s encounter with Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader.

15.NY Times/California Today of July 5, 2018  In an age of growing economic inequality, the well-off have been able to seclude themselves away from the impoverished. But that has changed over the years in Los Angeles, as the growth in the homeless population has forced the rich and poor to interact more often.

16. NY Times of July 9, 2018  In Daring Underwater Cave Rescue, 4 of 13 Thai Are Freed By RICHARD C. PADDOCK and HANNAH BEECH  One by one, the first four members of a youth soccer team to be rescued emerged after a perilous, hourslong swim through tight passageways.

U.S. Opposition to Breast-Feeding Resolution Stuns World Health Officials By ANDREW JACOBS  Trade sanctions. Withdrawal of military aid. The Trump administration used both to try to block a measure that was considered uncontroversial and embraced by countries around the world.

17. NT Times/California Today of July 10, 2018
Try to walk half a mile in Los Angeles without seeing a taco. It may be impossible in most of the roughly 469 square miles of this sprawling city. Latinos are the largest ethnic group in the city and the vast majority trace their roots to Mexico.

In the humble taco, some see a symbol of the city, so it seemed obvious to call a website dedicated to the city’s news and culture L.A. Taco.

18. NY Times of July 22, 2018 Tabloid Company, Aiding Trump Campaign, May Have Crossed Line Into Politics By JIM RUTENBERG and BEN PROTESS  Federal authorities believe that American Media Inc. acted more as a political supporter than as a news organization as it helped Michael D. Cohen suppress embarrassing coverage.

19. NY Times/California Today of July 23, 2018  Jonathan Gold, the Pulitzer Prize-winning restaurant critic who shaped many people's view of Los Angeles through its food, in 2015. Michael Loccisano/Getty Images North America (partially omitted)

Mr. Gold, 57, was the restaurant critic for The Los Angeles Times. For anyone outside of Los Angeles, it is difficult to appreciate what kind of an outsized figure Mr. Gold was in the fabric of the city he called home: much more than just another restaurant reviewer or hometown institution.

20. NY Times/California Today of July 26, 2018  Millions of people from across the world visit Yosemite National Park each year for an opportunity to take in the sweeping vistas at one of America’s most treasured natural preserves. But hundreds of visitors were ordered to evacuate the park Wednesday as firefighters struggled to contain the encroaching 38,000-acre Ferguson Fire, which has roared for nearly two weeks and remains just 25 percent contained.

21. NY Times/California Today July 30, 2018  Firefighters are working 24- to 36-hour shifts to put out several large fires across the state, often with little rest between assignments. (partially omitted)

There used to be a rhythm to this, and you could at least count on that rhythm,” said Brian Rice, (partially omitted)

Since 2012, there has not been a month without a wildfire, according to state emergency management officials. The intensity of the fires has appeared to increase as well; the fires in 2017 were among the most destructive in California’s history, leaving 46 people dead and causing nearly $12 billion in damage.

22. NY Times of Aug. 4, 2018  Greetings from the New York Times newsroom! I’m Lara Takenaga, a journalist here, and I feel honored to be in touch daily with Times readers as a member of the Reader Center. Our team is focused on listening to readers, responding to your questions and incorporating your feedback and ideas into our work. Independent, original journalism is at the heart of everything The Times does. In an era of misinformation and relentless attacks on the media, our commitment to holding power to account seems more urgent than ever.

23. NY Times of Aug. 4, 2018  Workers Hardest Hit by Recession Are Joining in Recovery By NELSON D. SCHWARTZ and BEN CASSELMAN  Unemployment among those without a high school diploma has declined by two-thirds since the economy’s low point, the latest jobs report shows.

24. NY Times of Aug. 5, 2018  The Age That Women Have Babies: How a Gap Divides America By QUOCTRUNG BUI and CLAIRE CAIN MILLER  Family life looks very different across the country, depending when women first give birth.

25. NY Times of Aug. 23, 2018  Facebook Fueled Anti-Refugee Attacks in Germany, New Research Suggests By AMANDA TAUB and MAX FISHER  Towns where people use Facebook more also had more attacks on refugees, building on suspicions that the platform makes users more prone to violence.

26. NY Times of Aug.27, 2018  $1.7 Billion Federal Job Training Program Is ‘Failing the Students’ By GLENN THRUSH  Job Corps has had more than two million graduates since it was started in 1965, and it boasts its share of inspiring success stories, but study after study has questioned its effectiveness.

27. NY Times/California Today of Aug. 27, 2018  The Salinas Valley is known as the “Salad Bowl of the World,” so it’s no surprise that there are a lot of pesticides used in California farm country. We recently paid a visit to the Chamacos project, run by the University of California, Berkeley, which for nearly two decades has been studying the effects of pesticides on the children of Salinas-area farm workers. (Chamacos is Spanish for “children.”)

28. NY Times of Aug. 28, 2018  Trump Reaches Revised Trade Deal With Mexico, Threatening to Leave Out Canada By ANA SWANSON, KATIE ROGERS and ALAN RAPPEPORT  The preliminary agreement is a major step for President Trump, who has threatened to scrap Nafta. But Canada’s role is just one of many issues that remain unresolved. 

29. NYTimes/California Today of Aug. 31, 2018  This week, I profiled Vinod Khosla, whose nearly decade-long quest to close the road to Martin’s Beach, which he bought in 2008, has always been a mystery to me. Here, instead of buying a beach house, he bought an entire community, south of San Francisco, with about 75 little cottages on it and some decent surfing.

30. NY Times/California Today of Sept. 4, 2018  There is a history of political consultants leaving Washington after a tour of duty and heading west, to try their hand at California politics or even Hollywood screenwriting.

31. NY Times/California Today of Sept. 10, 2018  Over the years, each mass shooting in America renews a stalled debate about gun control. But in those conversations, far less attention is paid to ammunition. Without bullets, however, a gun is a useless piece of metal. And so a growing number of gun control advocates are arguing that tightening rules on the sale or purchase of ammunition is potentially a useful way to lessen gun violence.

32. NYTimes/California Today of Sept. 12,2018  Mayors, governors, corporate executives and environmental activists from four continents are gathering in San Francisco this week to show what they can do to stave off the most catastrophic effects of climate change, even if the president of the world’s most powerful country — the United States, which is also history’s biggest polluter — won’t.

33. NY Times of Sept. 13, 2018  F.D.A. Cracks Down on Juul and E-Cigarette Retailers By SHEILA KAPLAN and JAN HOFFMAN  The agency gave top makers of popular vaping devices 60 days to come up with a plan to keep their flavored products away from teenagers or face removal from the market.

U.S. Has Highest Share of Foreign-Born Since 1910, With More Coming From Asia By SABRINA TAVERNISE  The foreign-born population in the United States has reached its highest share since 1910. New arrivals are more likely to come from Asia than Latin America.

34. NY Times of Sept. 29, 2018  Trump Agrees to Open ‘Limited’ F.B.I. Investigation Into Accusations Against Kavanaugh By NICHOLAS FANDOS and SHERYL GAY STOLBERG  The investigation must be completed “in less than a week,” the president said, bowing to a request from Senate Republican leaders facing an insurrection in their ranks.

35.  NY Times/California Today of Oct. 5, 2018  (partially skipped)  I found a startling statistic during my research that showed 79 percent of children whose families make less than $50,000 a year cannot swim. The 2017 study by the U.S.A. Swimming Foundation also found that nearly 64 percent of black children, 45 percent of Hispanic children and 40 percent of white children nationally have little to no swimming ability.

36. NY TIMES of Oct. 6, 2018 The 19 Best Cookbooks of Fall 2018 By THE NEW YORK TIMES  Our writers and editors cooked their way through this season’s new books to come up with a list of favorites, the fall titles we’re most excited about.

37. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 25, 2018  San Diego is going into the utility business.  After a long and often contentious debate, Mayor Kevin Faulconer is set to announce on Thursday that the city will create an alternative to the area’s investor-owned utility, San Diego Gas and Electric Company. The city says the government-run program will increase competition, lower electricity rates by as much as 5 percent and ensure that the city reaches its goal of 100 percent carbon-free electricity by 2035, 10 years ahead of the state’s mandate.

38. NY Times/California Today of Oct. 31, 2018 Our colleagues at The Upshot have partnered with Siena College to conduct real-time polling in several of the most competitive races in the country, several of which are here in California. They have been reporting the results live, respondent by respondent, as survey calls are being placed. That includes live polls currently underway in California’s 45th and 48th Congressional Districts, in addition to dozens already completed nationally and in the state’s most competitive districts.

39. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 1, 2018  And if you’ve liked what you’ve solved, another 10 California-themed puzzles will be available on the New York Times Crossword app for $1.99. Just go the Packs section and look for the title “California Dreamin’.

40. NY Times/California Today of Nov. 5, 2018 There is a lot of suspense going into tomorrow’s elections in California. Well, at least in the seven Republican-held congressional seats Democrats are trying to capture as part of their effort to win back the House. By contrast, the two high-profile state races seem likely to go to Democrats. Polls show Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom with a strong lead over John Cox, the Republican challenger.

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